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Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture
President: Professor Antonino Zichichi


Director: Sir Tom Blundell, FRS FMedSci

Erice2016 logo

49th Course

High-pressure crystallography:
status artis and emerging opportunities


a NATO Advanced Study Institute

Erice, Italy • 27 May (arrival) to 5 June (departure) 2016

Purpose of the course

High-pressure crystallography:
status artis and emerging opportunitites

Purpose of the course

Erice2016 logo New experimental and theoretical approaches in the field of high pressure crystallography allow us to address fundamental scientific questions in disciplines such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geosciences and Materials Science. High pressure - from the very modest pressure required to induce the denaturation of proteins and modify intermolecular interactions, through the higher pressures required to synthesise new materials for technological application, to the ultra-high pressures required to radically alter the chemical physical properties of simple elements and materials or recreate the conditions found in Earth's and other planets' interior - is making it a versatile and central tool in condensed matter science.

Fundamental topics covered in the course include experimental techniques for pressure generation, X-ray and neutron diffraction on single crystal and powder materials, comparative structural studies and combined high-temperature and low-temperature experiments. These will be demonstrated through examples of different chemical and structural complexity, from minerals to ices and biomolecules. Specialized and frontiers high-pressure research topics will include computational crystallography, dynamic compression, characterization of liquids and glasses and pair distribution function analysis. The course will be rounded up by illustrating the use of high-pressure as a means to study and access new materials for industrial application such as pharmaceuticals, energy storage, magnetic and ultra-hard materials.

Lectures will be complemented by demonstration and workshop sessions. The course will provide a platform for young and senior scientists to interact and identify as well as discuss new challenges in this rapidly evolving and vibrant research area.

Erice2016 logo

Preliminary Programme

Data analysis
High-pressure phase transitions

R.J. ANGEL, University of Padova, IT

Structure and dynamics of ice and ice clathrates
L.E. BOVE, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH, and Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, FR

Biological systems and high-pressure SAXS
N.J. BROOKS, Imperial College London, UK

Pair distribution function analysis
MOFs and other framework materials

K.W. CHAPMAN, APS, Argonne National Laboratory, US

Dynamic compression: Priciples and Applications
J.H. EGGERT, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA, US

Pharmaceutical drug molecules
F.P.A. FABBIANI, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, DE

Neutron diffraction
Instrumental innovations at neutron sources

M. GUTHRIE, Europen Spallation Source, Lund, SE

Multianvil techniques and their application in Earth and materials sciences
T. IRIFUNE, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime, JP

In situ high-pressure crystallisation
A. KATRUSIAK, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, PL

Pressure-induced amorphisation
D. MACHON, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon1, FR

New materials under extreme environments
Advances in instrumentation at photon sources

W.L. MAO, Stanford University and SLAC, Menlo Park, CA, US

Synchrotron and neutron studies in planetary science

Synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques and complex structures of the elements
M.I. McMAHON, The University of Edinburgh, UK

Techniques for materials discovery and optimisation using high-pressure synthesis
J.B. PARISE, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, US

Understanding phase stability: intermolecular interactions in molecular crystals
Single-molecule magnets

S. PARSONS, The University of Edinburgh, UK



Liquids and glasses
C. SANLOUP, The University of Edinburgh, UK, and Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, FR

Theoretical aspects of materials' properties at extreme p/T conditions

Download the detailed Programme

Last update April 17 2016